Critiques are limited to 2 pages and must include the following sections under separate headings:

1.      Summary (1-2 paragraphs): Summarize the key aspects of the study, including the hypothesis the authors set out to test and its significance (why is the question important?), the study design, study population, sample size (number of people included), geography (where the study was conducted), and main findings.  Do NOT copy and paste the study abstract. You must use your own words.

2.      Method, strengths & limitations (1-2 paragraphs): Clearly state the methods used to measure the exposure and outcome in the study. Discuss the strengths and limitations of the way the study was designed and conducted. How does the design affect or not affect the results of the study and its implications for public health intervention or future research? Be sure to identify all possible strengths and all possible weaknesses of the study.

3.      Bias (1 paragraph): Evaluate the degree of association and causality regarding the study’s findings, including:

a.      The role of bias. How could this impact or not impact the study results?

b.      The role of confounding. How could this impact or not impact the study results?

4.      Recommendations (1 paragraph): If you were the investigator of this study, is there anything that you would have done differently? If not, what additional studies would you like to see conducted to either confirm or better understand the issue? Be specific.

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