Note and  to explain the traditional statement quoted by Sima Qian on page 1405: “Physical punishments are not applied to grandees [noble men].”  Noble men were supposed to never allow themselves to undergo imprisonment or physical punishment.  Why not? According to Sima Qian, did this traditional statement always hold true, or were there exceptions?                                                                                          no quotation,no citation, just deeply explain the Quote and answer questions.


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