I will not accept the assignment if:
The child was not between 3 and 5 years.
Your observation is not in a licensed child-care or preschool setting (not a kindergarten or a before/after school program for kindergarten children)
You did not turn your raw notes.
You did not provide the completed  and signed cover sheet.
If your citations are not from the current edition of the Rathus text
PLAGIARISM:  “0” on your paper! 
Copying the exact words from the text, or other source, is plagiarism.  TO AVOID PLAGIARISM:  ALWAYS  use quotations marks around the words/sentences that you copy from the text.  Quotation marks indicate the words are not yours.  ALWAYS use a citation to indicate the source of the words in quotation marks.  The citation MUST include the source (Rathus, 2017).  (FYI:  I do check!)
CHEATING:  This assignment is required in many CD 125 sections at Grossmont College. If you include sections that were required previous years, or in other instructors assignments, this is an indication that you have copied another student’s paper and you will receive a “0.”  If you include topics that were previous required, but are not longer required, this indicates you have copied another student’s paper and you will receive a “0.” 
Step one: Find a licensed Preschool Facility that agrees to allow you to conduct an observation.
Must be a licensed facility
The room you observe in must only serve children from 3-5 years old
Cannot be an after school program
You will need at least an hour and it should be during the learning times, definitely not nap time.
Please find a center in the community. We are not using Grossmont CDC for the summer semester.
Step two: Observe the center and room. Usually you need at least an hour but if you need more feel free to take that. You will need to observe the indoor and outdoor environment as well as one child in which you focus on many aspects of their development.
Be sure to bring a photo ID
Review the Observer Etiquette
Bring your cover sheet don’t forget to get it signed before you leave!
Remember to be respectful of the learning environment. Do not engage or distract from the learning happening.
Be sure to thank each person who helps you
Last, you are entering into the environment with Grossmont College as your backer. Please conduct yourself respectfully and with consideration to all.
What do I observe?
(A)        Setting/Environment: You will need to observe the indoor and outlook environments.  If the children and teachers are in one area during your visit, ask permission to look at the other area and take notes.  Be observant of the physical setting, but also the psychological climate.

Notes on all of the topics listed below:
Adult child ratio: How many adults? how many children?
Safety: Does this look safe for children, is it healthy? Why?  Describe what you see
Adequate space and equipment( Indoor and Outdoor): Write SPECIFIC examples! Describe the layout. Is it crowded? Is there room to move? Is it scaled to children? What is there for children to do and play with? What centers or areas are present?  Art? Blocks? Dramatic Play, etc? Describe the materials? Blocks, books, art supplies… Does there appear to be enough materials for the children present?
Psychological Environment/Interaction: Write SPECIFIC examples! Describe the tone of voice of the adults.  Describe the interactions between children and adults, child and other children. Do children and adults interact smoothly, are they pleasant and respectful, harsh and controlling, a mix? Are the adults respectful of the children? In what way?
Learning About Diversity: Write SPECIFIC examples. DO NOT write a description of the ethnicity of the children and teachers!  Look for examples of the center’s helping children learn about diversity which may include pictures showing differences in ethnicity, cultural , abilities, abilities, gender, or life styles.  Other possibilities would be in the books, decorations or figures in puzzles and games.
(B)The Child Observed: you will choose one child to focus on during your observations, recording specific information about this child’s behaviors.  These observations will be used in your written paper as examples of development.  Because language is part of the observation, it is recommended that you choose a child who appears to engage in some talking with teachers or other children.
Notes to take:
Include a general description of the child (face, hair, clothing)
Describe approximate size; estimate height and weight
Describe what the child is doing when you start.
Explain why did you choose this particular child.

(C) Physical Development: prior to your observation, review the definitions and descriptions of these areas in Chapter 8 of your textbook.
Notes to take:
Growth: estimate height and weight.  Take notes describing body shape and proportions. Describe specific examples that are  evidence of nutrition
Large Motor Skills: (locomotion)Take notes that provide examples of some of these behaviors: coordination, activity level, endurance, proprioception (body awareness), kinesthetic awareness (sensation of bodily position, presence, or movement) Note the type of large motor activities that the child in involved in.
Small Motor Skills: Note the small muscle activities that the child may be involved in such as drawing, cutting, doing puzzles, etc.
(D)Cognitive Development: prior to your observation, review the definitions and descriptions of these areas in Chapter 9 of your textbook.
Notes to take:
Look for examples of Piaget’s Theory: you will need to give an example of at least one: preoperational thinking, centration, symbolic thinking, focus on appearance, egocentrism
Look for examples of Vygotsky’s Theory you will need to give an example of at least one: scaffolding, apprenticeship, Zone of Proximal Development, guided participation.
Look for examples of Brain Development:Take notes that provide examples of some of these topics: bilateral movements and coordination, eye-hand coordination, left or right hand preference, attention/perseveration
(E) Language: prior to your observation, review the definitions and descriptions of these areas in Chapter 9 of your textbook. When doing the observation, make sure you are close enough that you can hear language (without being obtrusive).
Notes to take:
Look for examples of Vygotsky ‘s theory: you will need to give an example of at least one:  private speech, social mediation
Record examples of the child’s vocabulary: you will need to give an example of at least one: fast mapping, examples of vocabulary, word use
Record examples of the child’s grammar: you will need to give an example of at least one:  sentence structure, over-regularization, sentence length, use of tense and plurals
(F) Social emotional Development: prior to your observation, review the definitions and descriptions of these areas in Chapter 10 of your textbook.
Notes to take:
Emotional Regulation: look for and record an example of at least one of the topics in the text, for example internalizing vs. externalizing problems,
Initiative vs. guilt: look for and record  an example of at least one: self esteem, self-concept, pride, guilt, shame, intrinsic motivation
Moral Development: look for and record  an example of at least one: empathy, antipathy, prosocial, antisocial behaviors, preference and prejudice
Aggression: you will need to give give an example of at least one of the types of aggression listed in the text: instrumental, reactive, relational, bullying
(G) PLAY! prior to your observation, review the definitions and descriptions of these areas in Chapter 10 of your textbook.
Notes to take:
Piaget’s Stages of Play:  look for and record and give an example of at least one of Piaget’s stages of play
Parten’s Stages of Play:  look for and record and give an example of at least one of Parten’s stages of play
Gender Roles: look for and record at least one example of the child’s interaction with gender roles.
Step Three: Writing the paper
Preparation for writing the paper:
You MUST follow the detailed directions provided.  Set up your paper according to the GRADING RUBRIC.
Think of your notes as a resource.  This assignment is NOT about telling the story of what happened first and then next.  TO GET THE MAXIMUM POINTS YOU MUST FOLLOW THE DIRECTIONS CAREFULLY! This assignment is about connecting the theory and research in your text and providing examples from your observation of a preschool child.
Go to Blackboard and print out the Grading Rubric
Writing the paper:
Have your textbook available open to the section on “Early Childhood” while writing the paper.  I will ONLY accept citations from our Rathus text.
When giving the norm, it is not enough to say “he seems to be doing fine” or “he is at the norm”.  You need to be specific.  I suggest you quote the text.  Sometimes the text will state “Between the ages of 2 and 4….” —-copy this and cite the page.  Sometimes the text is not as specific, “In the preschool years most children are ….” This is also a norm, but you need to copy the words from the text (quoting) and then cite the page.  If you are using a chart, then copy the part of the chart that is your specific reference, and site the page.
I ask that you use the labels of the sections in your paper.  The first section is:  (A) Setting/Environment.
Write in complete sentences in paragraph form.
You MUST follow the format below in the same order.  Write in a paragraph format.  Information must be included in your paper for each of the sections below.  Points are given on the completeness and thoroughness of your work.  Points are taken away for information not included.  You MUST include information on the indoor and outdoor environment.
(A)Setting/Environment: Include the name of the center, the date and time you observed, and any additional information on the center from your observation. (10 points)
Now write a paragraph, NOT bullets, to give this information in sentences.  In the section on Setting/Environment, you need to describe the setting, the classroom –inside and out—so that I have a clear picture of what is included.  For example just writing, “There was a lot of fun toys for the kids.” Will NOT get you any points.  You need to describe the materials you saw.
Include- You MUST write about each topic:
Adult child ratio: How many adults? how many children?
Safety: Does this look safe for children, is it healthy? Why?  Write a description including specific examples from your observation.
Adequate space and equipment( Indoor and Outdoor): Write a clear description of the indoor and outdoor environment.  Include examples from your observation including:  What centers or areas are present?  Art? Blocks? Dramatic Play, etc? Describe the materials? Blocks, books, art supplies…
Psychological Environment/Interaction: Write  a clear description of the psychological climate in the classroom.  Write specific examples from your observation that are example of the tone of voice of the adults.  Describe the interactions between children and adults, child and other children. Do children and adults interact smoothly, are they pleasant and respectful, harsh and controlling, a mix? Are the adults respectful of the children? In what way?
Learning About Diversity: Write a clear description of the way in which the classroom shows respect for diversity.. DO NOT write a description of the ethnicity of the children and teachers!  Provide specific examples you’re your observation.  Write examples of the center’s helping children learn about diversity which may include pictures showing differences in ethnicity, cultural , abilities, abilities, gender, or life styles.  Other possibilities would be in the books, decorations or figures in puzzles and games.
(B)The Child Observed: (5 points)
Include this information in your description:
Include a general description of the child (face, hair, clothing)
Describe approximate size; estimate height and weight
Describe what the child is doing when you start.
Explain why you chose this particular child.
For ALL of the Remaining Sections YOU MUST INCLUDE:
The definition of the topic/theory and your source for the definition. You MUST use quotation marks when you copy the definition and a citation identifying the source.
An example from your observation.  If the child did not engage in the type of behavior needed to illustration the topic or theory, you MUST include the statement that you did not observe this specific behavior.  A student should have very few “I didn’t see” examples in the paper.
The norm.  A statement of what is typical from a research based source, generally your textbook.  You will not receive points for broad, general statements such as “From what I saw, most children three are able to do this.” 
Citation:  source of your definition and the norm.
The textbook provides definitions and norms.  The citation is the location in the text that you located the information.  The observation example is from you notes on the child you observed.  If information is not included in your paper for each of the topics listed in each section, you will loose points. 
If you did not observe a specific behavior, you still need to include the definition, norm, and citation and an explanation as to why you think did not observe this specific behavior AND WHY YOU THINK YOU DID NOT OBSERVE IT!
(C) Physical Development: Have Chapter 8 of your textbook open.  You will need to write about the growth, large and small motor development of the child you observed. (15 points)
Include:
Growth: review definitions of growth in the text and write a definition in your paper.  Write about the child, giving specific illustration of growth from your observation.  Look in the chapter for a statement of a norm, or information in a chart or appendix and copy the information.  Quote the norm, and be sure to provide a citation.
Large Motor skills:Provide information large motor development. Write the definition of this topic, provide a specific example of the child’s behavior from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm.
Small Motor Skills: Provide information small motor development. Write the definition of this topic, provide a specific example of the child’s behavior from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm.
(D)Cognitive Development: Have Chapter 9 of your textbook open.  You will need to write about the one aspect of Piaget’s theories, one aspect of Vygotsky’s theories, and example of either Theory of Mind or Theory-Theory and illustrate each with an example from the child you observed. (15 points)
Piaget’s Theory: Select one of the topics from Piaget’s theories of cognitive development.  Write the definition of this topic, provide an example from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm,  Select one: preoperational thinking, centration, symbolic thinking, focus on appearance, egocentrism
Vygotsky’s Theory: Select one of the topics from Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development.  Write the definition of this topic, provide an example from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm,  Select one: scaffolding, apprenticeship, Zone of Proximal Development, guided participation.
Brain Development: Select one bilateral movements and coordination, eye-hand coordination, left or right hand preference, attention/perseveration . Write the definition of this topic, provide an example from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm,
(E) Language: Have Chapter 9 of your textbook open.  You will need to write about one aspect of Vygotsky’s theories, an example of the child’s vocabulary, and of the child’s use of grammar.  (15 points)
Vygotsky ‘s theory: Select one of the topics from Vygotsky’s theories of language development.  Write the definition of this topic, provide an example from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm,  Select one: private speech, social mediation
The child’s vocabulary: Select one of the topics related to the development of vocabulary.  Write the definition of this topic, provide an example from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm,  Select one: fast mapping, examples of size of the child’s vocabulary, word use
The child’s grammar: Select one of the topics related to the development of grammar.  Write the definition of this topic, provide an example from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm,  Select one: sentence structure, over-regularization, sentence length, use of tense and plurals
(F) Psychosocial Domain: Have Chapter 10 of your textbook open.  You will need to write about one aspect of emotional regulation, an example of the Erikson’s theory—initiative vs guilt, one aspect of moral development and one type of aggressive behavior. (15 points)
Emotional Regulation: Select one of the topics related to emotional regulation.  Write the definition of this topic, provide an example from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm,  Select one: an example of at least one of the topics in the text in the section on emotional regulation, for example internalizing vs. externalizing problems,
Initiative vs. guilt: Select one of the topics related to initiative vs. guilt.  Write the definition of this topic, provide an example from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm,  Select one: self esteem, self-concept, pride, guilt, shame, intrinsic motivation
Moral Development: Select one of the topics related to the moral development.  Write the definition of this topic, provide an example from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm,  Select one: empathy, antipathy, prosocial, antisocial behaviors, preference and prejudice
Aggression: Select one of the topics related to the development of aggression.  Write the definition of this topic, provide an example from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm,  Select one of the types of aggression listed in the text: instrumental, reactive, relational, bullying
(G) PLAY! Have Chapter 10 of your textbook open.  (15 points)
Piaget’s Stages of Play:  Select one of the types of play described by Piaget.  Write the definition of this type of play, provide an example from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm.
Parten’s Stages of Play: Select one of the types of play described by Parten.  Write the definition of this type of play, provide an example from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm.
Gender Roles: Write the definition of gender roles, provide a specific example of the child’s behavior from your observation, and also state the norm.  Provide citations for the definition and the norm.
(H) REFLECTION: Significance and Application (10 points)
This is the section that allows you to state your opinions based on the course information and your evaluation. You must include responses to all three questions.
H1.What influences do you think have an impact on this child’s development?
H2.What did you learn about child development from this observation?
H3.How can you apply what you have learned from this assignment?

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