Experimental Support Article 1A
Read Experimental Support Article 1A – Classical conditioning in earthworms, Lumbricus Terrestris (Ratner & Miller, 1959) and use the information from this article to provide experimental evidence and support for classical conditioning. Article information that you need to state includes:
• Topic/purpose of the article
• Subjects/participants – just their type is enough, you do not need to go into great detail about number, size, or where they were obtained from
• Groups – list the groups and state what stimulus was presented to each group
• Procedure – just the basic information is enough. State the US, UR, neutral stimulus, CS, CR, number of trials, and timing for the experimental group and give a general description of what was presented to the other three groups, without going into excessive details.
• Basic results – again, just state the general results
o did the experimental group (Group E) display more conditioned responses than the other three groups?
o did the experimental group show evidence of extinction?
• Explanation – explain the results and how they relate to classical conditioning
o evidence of conditioning?
o evidence of extinction?
o how do the results relate to classical conditioning?
o give a summary statement about whether or not learning through association occurred
This information should be about a paragraph in length. It should give the basic information, without going into too many specific details. Your explanation should be the strongest portion of this paragraph – this is where you take the research evidence and link it to the theory under investigation.
Be sure to include a citation in the paragraph and a properly formatted reference after the paragraph.
First author’s last name, initial(s)., & Second author’s last name, initial(s). (Year Published). Article title. Journal Name, Volume (Issue), state page numbers.
NOTES ABOUT FORMATTING
• Keep the authors in the order listed on the article
• DO NOT state the complete first and/or middle names – use initials only
• Put the year published in parentheses
• Use sentence case for the article title – ONLY the first word, any proper nouns, or any word immediately after a punctuation make get capitalized.
• Use title case for the journal name – Capitalize the principal words in the title. Use lower case for articles (a, an, the), conjunctions (e.g., and, but, or) or prepositions (e.g., on, in, with)
• Italicize the journal name and volume number
• DO NOT use p or pp, when stating the page numbers