I am attaching what I have written so far down below… but here are the instructions.
Health Program Project
You will work in groups to create a program to address a health topic from Healthy People 2020. You must determine a specific group that you wish to address the health topic with. The project will consist of a paper and a presentation. The paper and presentation must have a section for needs assessment, goals & objectives, intervention, implementation. Each section of the paper must be at least 2 pages (500 words) in length. Your presentation should be at least 8 minutes and describe each section of your project. The entire project will be worth 300 points. 200 points will be allocated for the paper and 100 points will be allocated for the presentation. Each section of the project is described below.. You must cite sources in your paper and have a reference list at the end of your paper.
Needs Assessment- You will describe the health topic that your program will address and how the health topic affects the population that your program is aimed towards. Questions that should be answered in this section includes what is the health issue (you should provide an in depth description of the health issue that will provide an adequate explanation to someone who does not know anything about the health issue), the severity of the heath issue (e.g. mortality rates, morbidity rates, incidence rates, and prevalence rates), and why you choose that specific population to serve.
Goals & Objectives- You will describe what will be accomplished through your health program. Think of goals as a destination that you are going to and think of objectives as the way to get to that destination. Your program needs at least 3 goals. Create at least two SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time oriented) objectives for each goal. An example of a program goal is ‘Decrease the risk for lung cancer among college students at Chattahoochee Valley Community College”. An example of an objective for this goal is to “to reduce amount of students who smoke by 5% by August 1st, 2019”.
Intervention- You will describe how goals and objectives will be achieved in this section. You may elect to use a pre-existing program, you may put together elements of multiple pre-existing programs to create a new program, or you may create a program that is entirely new.
Implementation- You will describe how the program will be carried out as planned in this section of the project. Questions that should be answered in the implementation part of your paper includes how will you market the program, how will you communicate with partners, and how will money be accessible to people carrying out the program. This section should illustrate the logistics for your program operations.
Developing SMART Objectives
One way to develop well-written objectives is to use the SMART approach. Developing
specific, measurable objectives requires time, orderly thinking, and a clear picture of the
results expected from program activities. The more specific your objectives are, the
easier it will be to demonstrate success.
SMART stands for
Specific—What exactly are we going to do for whom?
The “specific” part of an objective tells us what will change for whom in concrete terms.
It identifies the population or setting, and specific actions that will result. In some cases
it is appropriate to indicate how the change will be implemented (e.g., through training).
Coordinate, partner, support, facilitate, and enhance are not good verbs to use in
objectives because they are vague and difficult to measure. On the other hand, verbs
such as provide, train, publish, increase, decrease, schedule, or purchase indicate
clearly what will be done.
Measurable—Is it quantifiable and can WE measure it?
Measurable implies the ability to count or otherwise quantify an activity or its results. It
also means that the source of and mechanism for collecting measurement data are
identified, and that collection of these data is feasible for your program or partners.
A baseline measurement is required to document change (e.g., to measure percentage
increase or decrease). If the baseline is unknown or will be measured as a first activity
step, that should be indicated in the objective as “baseline to be determined using
XXX database, 20XX.” The data source you are using and the year the baseline was
obtained should always be specified in your objective statement. If a specific
measurement instrument is used, you might want to incorporate its use into the
Another important consideration is whether change can be measured in a meaningful
and interpretable way given the accuracy of the measurement tool and method.
Attainable/Achievable—Can we get it done in the proposed time frame with the
resources and support we have available?
The objective must be feasible with the available resources, appropriately limited in
scope, and within the program’s control and influence.
Sometimes, specifying an expected level of change can be tricky. To help identify a
target, talk with an epidemiologist, look at historical trends, read reports or articles
published in the scientific or other literature, look at national expectations for change,
and look at programs with similar objectives. Consult with partners or stakeholders
about their experiences. Often, talking to others who have implemented similar
programs or interventions can provide you with information about expected change.
In some situations, it is more important to consider the percentage of change as a
number of people when discussing impact. Will the effort required to create the amount
of change be a good use of your limited resources?
Relevant—Will this objective have an effect on the desired goal or strategy?
Relevant relates to the relationship between the objective and the overall goals of the
program or purpose of the intervention. Evidence of relevancy can come from a
literature review, best practices, or your theory of change.
Time bound—When will this objective be accomplished?
A specified and reasonable time frame should be incorporated into the objective
statement. This should take into consideration the environment in which the change
must be achieved, the scope of the change expected, and how it fits into the overall
work plan. It could be indicated as “By December 2010, the program will” or “Within 6
months of receiving the grant,…”
Using SMART Objectives
Writing SMART objectives also helps you to think about and identify elements of the
evaluation plan and measurement, namely indicators and performance measures.
An indicator is what you will measure to obtain observable evidence of
accomplishments, changes made, or progress achieved. Indicators describe the type of
data you will need to answer your evaluation questions. A SMART objective often tells
you what you will measure.
A performance measure is the amount of change or progress achieved toward a
specific goal or objective. SMART objectives can serve as your performance measures
because they provide the specific information needed to identify expected results.
To develop SMART objectives, use the template below and fill in the blanks:
[WHEN—Time bound] [WHO/WHAT—Specific]
from _____________________ to __________________________________________
[MEASURE (number, rate, percentage of change and baseline)—Measurable]
Adapted from http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/state_program/evaluation_guides/pdfs/smart_objectives.pdf