1. Combine the following sentences below into ONE sentence. In other words, you can only use one period at the end of your sentence.
• Our new “Zala” apple is a medium sized apple.
• It is organically grown.
• It contains one-fifth of the dietary fiber you should be eating each day.
• Zala has distinct melon flavor.
• Kids love our Zala apple.
Appositive and Other Movables
(1) Use appositives or adjective phrases to add information about a noun at its two sides in the sentence.
A great sportswriter, Richard Gordano, tall and handsome, has never gone to college.
In this sentence, the two phrases on both sides of the subject, Richard Gordano, add additional information about the subject.
(2) Use participial phrases to describe the sentence subject’s action, which is a common way to add more information to the sentence.
Having never gone to college, Richard Gordano, a Louisiana native, is considered a great sportswriter.
In this sentence, the participial phrase, having never gone to college, also add additional information about the subject.
Appositive and Other Movables
An appositive appears in a sentence when a noun or noun phrase is added before or after a noun. Its function is to add more information about that target noun.
Grammatically, an appositive is always used with a comma or a pair of commas in the sentence.
Our documentary short film celebrates the stories of the DACA generation, 800,000 young men and women living and thriving in a legal shadow.
In the sentence, “the DACA generation” is the target noun phrase, while “800,000 young men and women” is an appositive that explains the target.
(2) Sentence Position
An appositive can appear anywhere in a sentence, as long as it is next to the target noun it refers to.
• At the Beginning
The fastest land animal, a cheetah can run at 75 miles per hour.
• In the Middle
Uber, the ride-sharing service provider, has re-invented the traditional taxi business.
• At the End
New England Patriots won Super Bowl LIII, their six Lombardi Trophy.
He didn’t go to the meeting, a decision he later deeply regretted.
(3) Expanded Use
Strictly speaking, appositives only refer to the use of noun phrases. But we can safely expand its structural logic to other types of phrase, such as adjective phrases, participial phrases, and prepositional phrase.
1. ADJECTIVE PHRASES
— When the adjective is linked to another adjective or is expanded with qualifiers,
• The hikers, hot and tired, trudged the last mile to their campsite.
• This banking crisis, highly unusual, calls for extraordinary measures.
• Obedient to instinct, his horse followed him home.
2. PARTICIPIAL PHRASES
— a verb phrase headed by the present or past participle form of the verb:
The lake, frozen over all winter, was finally thawing.
Lined up in front of the airport security, the travelers did not look happy.
Tom Brady and Bill Belichick teamed up to win their sixth Lombardi Trophy, beating the L.A. Rams in the lowest-scoring game in Super Bowl history
3. PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
The lake, after frozen over all winter, was finally thawing.
The family travelers, with children in tow, did not look happy at all.
The meeting during our lunch hour was a waste of time.